What is a Tax Identification Number (Tax ID)?
Your tax identification number (Identifikationsnummer) is a unique 11-digit number provided to you by the German Federal Tax Office.
Who needs it? Everyone who wants to work in Germany. Your employer will ask for this number. You also need this when you communicate with the tax office.
Do not be confused: A tax number (Steuernummer) is something entirely different!! It refers to a freelancer/commercial business tax number. It has this format xx/xxx/xxxxx.
3 Things you must know about Tax ID in Germany
#1 You cannot get this number before you have registered in Germany. Register now. Once you have registered, you will get it automatically.
#2 A tax ID is issued only one time. If you have lost your tax ID, you can ask for it at the tax office. They can tell you in person what your tax ID is. Just bring your passport.
#3 There are three different ways to refer to the tax ID in Germany, they all mean the same thing:
- Identification Number (Identifikationsnummer)
- Tax Identification Number (Steueridentifikationsnummer)
- Tax ID (Steuer-ID)